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Read science articles on the ice age, glaciation and climatology. Discover the connection between ice ages and global warming.
Updated: 57 min 57 sec ago

Flood risk on rise for New York City, New Jersey coast, study finds

Mon, 09/28/2015 - 14:58
For the first time, climate researchers compared both sea-level rise rates and storm surge heights in prehistoric and modern eras and found that the combined increases of each have raised the likelihood of a devastating 500-year flood occurring as often as every 25 years.

Antarctic warming stimulates diversity of soil fungi

Mon, 09/28/2015 - 11:34
A landmark study predicts that climate change will have a major impact on life in Antarctica this century. Scientists say that results indicated that by 2100 there would be 25 percent more soil fungal 'species' in the most rapidly warming parts of Antarctica.

How ocean circulation changed atmospheric CO2

Mon, 09/28/2015 - 11:34
Changes to overturning circulation in the Southern Ocean as a result of temperatures over Antarctica play key role in carbon uptake by the oceans.

Ice samples from Greenland, Russia provide clues to past, future climate change

Mon, 09/28/2015 - 07:21
Scientists have discovered evidence of carbonaceous aerosols -- organic dust -- transported from Asia and deposited in the Arctic over the last 450 years, according to a study. They have also found that increased levels of dust were being deposited during warmer periods when the Arctic Oscillation -- changes in the prevailing wind direction centred on the Atlantic -- was at its strongest.

Extreme Pacific sea level events to double in future

Fri, 09/25/2015 - 13:27
Many tropical Pacific island nations are struggling to adapt to gradual sea level rise stemming from warming oceans and melting ice caps. Now they may also see much more frequent extreme sea level swings. The culprit is a projected behavioral change of the El Niño phenomenon and its characteristic Pacific wind response, according to recent computer modeling experiments and tide-gauge analysis.

How fossil corals can shed light on Earth's past climate

Thu, 09/24/2015 - 14:14
Researchers have used radiocarbon measured in deep-sea fossil corals to shed light on carbon dioxide levels during Earth's last deglaciation. Fossil corals have the unique advantage that they can be precisely dated by radiometric uranium-series dating, giving an age scale that can be directly compared to the ice core records.

In the dark polar winter, the animals aren't sleeping

Thu, 09/24/2015 - 13:25
You might expect that little happens in the Arctic Ocean during the cold and dark winter. But that just isn't so, according to researchers who have sampled the activities of many different species during three consecutive winters in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard.

One-two punch of rising seas, bigger storms may greatly magnify US East coast floods

Mon, 09/21/2015 - 12:38
Many studies predict that future sea-level rise along the US Atlantic and Gulf coasts will increase flooding. Others suggest that the human-caused warming driving this rise will also boost the intensity and frequency of big coastal storms. Now, a new study quantifies how they could interact to produce alarming spikes in the combined height and duration of flooding. It projects that coastal flooding could possibly shoot up several hundredfold by 2100, from the Northeast to Texas.

As polar ice melts, seabed life is working against climate change

Mon, 09/21/2015 - 12:34
When it comes to climate change, it's rare to get any good news. But a researcher who's reported evidence, after more than two decades of study, has some: the loss of sea ice over Antarctic waters in some areas has led to the increased growth of creatures living on the seafloor. Those underwater assemblages are acting as an important and unexpected carbon sink.

Emissions from melting permafrost could cost $43 trillion

Mon, 09/21/2015 - 10:27
New analysis of the effects of melting permafrost in the Arctic points to $43 trillion in extra economic damage by the end of the next century, on top of the more than the $300 trillion economic damage already predicted.

Southern Ocean: Reconstructing environmental conditions over the past 30,000 years

Fri, 09/18/2015 - 09:50
In the last 30,000 years there was, at times, more mixing in the Southern Ocean than previously thought. This meant that vast quantities of nutrients were available to phytoalgae, which in turn contributed to storing the greenhouse gas CO2 during the last glacial period.

Adaptation to high-fat diet, cold had profound effect on Inuit, including shorter height

Thu, 09/17/2015 - 15:00
Researchers have found unique genetic mutations in the Inuit genome that make them more adapted to cold as well as a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids, with the side effect of shorter height. This is the first evidence human populations have adapted to particular diets and differ in their physiological response. While a fish oil diet may be healthful for Inuit, this may not be true for other populations.

Solving the problem of Arctic sea ice thickness distribution using molecular concepts

Thu, 09/17/2015 - 12:52
Scientists have now answered a 40-year-old question about Arctic ice thickness by treating the ice floes of the frozen seas like colliding molecules in a fluid or gas.

Melting Arctic sea ice accelerates methane emissions

Thu, 09/17/2015 - 08:13
Methane emissions from Arctic tundra increase when sea ice melts, according to a new study. This connection has been suspected before, but has lacked strong evidence until now.

Arctic sea ice summertime minimum is fourth lowest on record

Tue, 09/15/2015 - 20:15
According to a NASA analysis of satellite data, the 2015 Arctic sea ice minimum extent is the fourth lowest on record since observations from space began.

Climate research: Where is the world's permafrost thawing?

Sun, 09/13/2015 - 11:32
A new portal can serve as an early warning system for researchers and decision-makers around the globe.

Burning remaining fossil fuel could cause 60-meter sea level rise

Fri, 09/11/2015 - 15:41
New work demonstrates that the planet's remaining fossil fuel resources would be sufficient to melt nearly all of Antarctica if burned, leading to a 50- or 60-meter (160 to 200 foot) rise in sea level. Because so many major cities are at or near sea level, this would put many highly populated areas where more than a billion people live under water, including New York City and Washington, D.C.

Ocean life triggers ice formation in clouds

Wed, 09/09/2015 - 13:20
Researchers have shown for the first time that phytoplankton (plant life) in remote ocean regions can contribute to rare airborne particles that trigger ice formation in clouds. Results show that the organic waste from life in the oceans, which is ejected into the atmosphere along with sea spray from breaking waves, stimulates cloud droplets to freeze into ice particles.

Poison in the Arctic and the human cost of 'clean' energy

Mon, 09/07/2015 - 18:06
High levels of methylmercury, a potent neurotoxin, in Arctic life are a byproduct of global warming and the melting of sea-ice in Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, research concludes. To mitigate global warming, many governments are turning to hydroelectric power but this research also suggests that flooding for hydroelectric development will put even more methylmercury into ecosystems than climate change.

Polar bears may survive ice melt, with or without seals

Fri, 09/04/2015 - 13:44
As climate change accelerates ice melt in the Arctic, polar bears may find caribou and snow geese replacing seals as an important food source, shows a recent study. The research is based on new computations incorporating caloric energy from terrestrial food sources and indicates that the bears' extended stays on land may not be as grim as previously suggested.