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Read science articles on the ice age, glaciation and climatology. Discover the connection between ice ages and global warming.
Updated: 1 hour 11 min ago

Earth's glacial cycles enhanced by Antarctic sea-ice

Tue, 02/18/2020 - 09:47
A 784,000 year climate simulation suggests that Southern Ocean sea ice significantly reduces deep ocean ventilation to the atmosphere during glacial periods by reducing both atmospheric exposure of surface waters and vertical mixing of deep ocean waters; in a global carbon cycle model, these effects led to a 40 ppm reduction in atmospheric CO2 during glacial periods relative to pre-industrial level, suggesting how sea ice can drive carbon sequestration early within a glacial cycle.

Mediterranean rainfall immediately affected by greenhouse gas changes

Mon, 02/17/2020 - 15:23
Mediterranean-type climates face immediate drops in rainfall when greenhouse gases rise, but this could be interrupted quickly if emissions are cut.

The Antarctica factor: Model uncertainties reveal upcoming sea level risk

Fri, 02/14/2020 - 07:49
Within this century already, due to Antarctica alone global sea level might rise up to three times as much as it did in the last century. This is a finding of an exceptionally comprehensive comparison of state-of-the-art computer models from around the world.

Polar bears in Baffin Bay skinnier, having fewer cubs due to less sea ice

Wed, 02/12/2020 - 09:30
Satellite tracking of adult females and visual monitoring of polar bears in Baffin Bay show changes from the 1990s to the period from 2009 to 2015. Bears in Baffin Bay are getting thinner and adult females are having fewer cubs than when sea ice was more available.

Ancient Antarctic ice melt increased sea levels by 3+ meters -- and it could happen again

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 15:48
Rising ocean temperatures drove the melting of Antarctic ice sheets and caused extreme sea level rise more than 100,000 years ago, a new international study l shows - and the scientists say we're headed in that direction again.

Climate change could trigger more landslides in High Mountain Asia

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 11:15
More frequent and intense rainfall events due to climate change could cause more landslides in the High Mountain Asia region of China, Tibet and Nepal, according to the first quantitative study of the link between precipitation and landslides in the region.

Coincidences influence the onset and ending of ice ages

Tue, 02/11/2020 - 09:38
An analysis of the so called climate spectrum shows why the ice ages have not behaved precisely as the models predict. A large element of coincidence is involved when an ice age begins or ends, the analysis shows. The results imply we should maybe use a more conservative risk assessment then the one IPCC recommends.

Himalayan glacier shows evidence of start of Industrial Revolution

Mon, 02/10/2020 - 14:33
Human beings altered one of the highest peaks in the Himalayas hundreds of years before a person ever set foot there, new research has found. The study indicates that the byproducts of burning coal in Europe in the late 18th century made their way to the Dasuopu glacier in the central Himalayas, some 6,400 miles as the crow flies from London, the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.

Scientists show solar system processes control the carbon cycle throughout Earth's history

Mon, 02/10/2020 - 14:33
This new work sheds fresh light on the complicated interplay of factors affecting global climate and the carbon cycle -- and on what transpired millions of years ago to spark two of the most devastating extinction events in Earth's history.

Gulf coast mollusks rode out past periods of climate change

Mon, 02/10/2020 - 14:33
About 55 million years ago, a rapidly warming climate decimated marine communities around the world. But according to new research, it was a different story for snails, clams and other mollusks living in the shallow waters along what is now the Gulf Coast of the United States. They were able to survive.

Twist in the story of volcanism and mass extinctions

Mon, 02/10/2020 - 13:48
An emerging scientific consensus is that gases -- in particular carbon gases -- released by volcanic eruptions millions of years ago contributed to some of Earth's greatest mass extinctions. But new research suggests that that's not the entire story.

Arctic ice melt is changing ocean currents

Fri, 02/07/2020 - 08:57
Using 12 years of satellite data, NASA scientists have measured how the influx of cold, fresh water is affecting the Beaufort Gyre, a major Arctic current.

Trees in the Amazon are time capsules of human history, from culture to colonialism

Thu, 02/06/2020 - 10:06
The annals of human history have been recorded through text, art, and oral tradition. However, for hundreds of years tropical forests have also kept detailed records of the human activities that unfolded around them. Researchers now describe how the rings, physical chemistry, and DNA of living tropical trees reveal the impacts of native culture as well as the scars of colonial occupation.

Wasp nests used to date ancient Kimberley rock art

Thu, 02/06/2020 - 09:27
Mud wasp nests collected from Kimberley sites with the permission of traditional owners help scientists establish ancient art rock unique to the area is 12,000 years old not 17,000 years old.

Ocean temperatures impact Central American climate more than once thought

Wed, 02/05/2020 - 12:22
Researchers examined the rainfall history of Central America over the last 11,000 years. The results provide context for the development of tropical rainforest ecosystems in the region, and long-sought answers to what has been controlling rainfall in Central America for several millennia.

Scientists listen to whales, walruses and seals in a changing Arctic seascape

Mon, 02/03/2020 - 14:12
A year-round acoustic study of marine mammals in the northern Bering Sea is providing scientists with a valuable snapshot of an Arctic world already under drastic pressure from climate change.

Arctic permafrost thaw plays greater role in climate change than previously estimated

Mon, 02/03/2020 - 14:11
Abrupt thawing of permafrost will double previous estimates of potential carbon emissions from permafrost thaw in the Arctic, and is already rapidly changing the landscape and ecology of the circumpolar north, a new study finds.

How the ocean is gnawing away at glaciers

Mon, 02/03/2020 - 10:43
The Greenland Ice Sheet is melting faster today than it did only a few years ago. The reason: it's not just melting on the surface -- but underwater, too.

Hot pots helped ancient Siberian hunters survive the Ice Age

Sat, 02/01/2020 - 10:13
A new study shows that ancient Siberian hunters created heat resistant pots so that they could cook hot meals - surviving the harshest seasons of the ice age by extracting nutritious bone grease and marrow from meat.

Immune systems not prepared for climate change

Thu, 01/30/2020 - 13:44
Researchers have for the first time found a connection between the immune systems of different bird species, and the various climatic conditions in which they live. The researchers believe that as the climate changes, some birds may be exposed to diseases that they are not equipped to handle.