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Read science articles on the ice age, glaciation and climatology. Discover the connection between ice ages and global warming.
Updated: 51 min 59 sec ago

Arctic stew: Understanding how high-latitude lakes respond to and affect climate change

Fri, 02/05/2021 - 18:22
To arrive at Nunavut, turn left at the Dakotas and head north. You can't miss it -- the vast tundra territory covers almost a million square miles of northern Canada. Relatively few people call this lake-scattered landscape home, but the region plays a crucial role in understanding global climate change.

Global warming found to be culprit for flood risk in Peruvian Andes, other glacial lakes

Thu, 02/04/2021 - 11:01
Human-caused warming is responsible for increasing the risk of a glacial outburst flood from Peru's Lake Palcacocha, threatening the city below. This study is the first to directly link climate change with the risk of flooding from glacial lakes, which are growing in number and size worldwide.

The Arctic Ocean was covered by a shelf ice and filled with freshwater

Wed, 02/03/2021 - 11:34
The Arctic Ocean was covered by up to 900 m thick shelf ice and was filled entirely with freshwater at least twice in the last 150,000 years. This surprising finding is the result of long-term research. With a detailed analysis of the composition of marine deposits, the scientists could demonstrate that the Arctic Ocean as well as the Nordic Seas did not contain sea-salt in at least two glacial periods. Instead, these oceans were filled with large amounts of freshwater under a thick ice shield. This water could then be released into the North Atlantic in very short periods of time. Such sudden freshwater inputs could explain rapid climate oscillations for which no satisfying explanation had been previously found.

Potentially toxic plankton algae may play a crucial role in the future Arctic

Wed, 02/03/2021 - 08:05
As the sea ice shrinks in the Arctic, the plankton community that produces food for the entire marine food chain is changing. New research shows that a potentially toxic species of plankton algae that lives both by doing photosynthesis and absorbing food may become an important player in the Arctic Ocean as the future sea ice becomes thinner and thinner.

Sea level will rise faster than previously thought

Tue, 02/02/2021 - 15:45
There are two main elements to observe when assessing sea level rise. One is the loss of the ice on land and the other is that the sea will expand as it gets warmer. Researchers have constructed a new method of quantifying just how fast the sea will react to warming. Former predictions of sea level have been too conservative, so the sea will likely rise more and faster than previously believed.

Sea ice kept oxygen from reaching deep ocean during last ice age

Tue, 02/02/2021 - 15:44
Extensive sea ice covered the world's oceans during the last ice age, which prevented oxygen from penetrating into the deep ocean waters, complicating the relationship between oxygen and carbon.

Geologists produce new timeline of Earth's Paleozoic climate changes

Mon, 02/01/2021 - 14:54
Geologists have produced a new timeline of Earth's Paleozoic climate changes. The record shows ancient temperature variations coinciding with shifts in planet's biodiversity.

Antarctica's ice melt isn't consistent, new analysis shows

Mon, 02/01/2021 - 10:59
Antarctic ice is melting, contributing massive amounts of water to the world's seas and causing them to rise - but that melt is not as linear and consistent as scientists previously thought, a new analysis of 20 years' worth of satellite data indicates.

Arctic warming and diminishing sea ice are influencing the atmosphere

Fri, 01/29/2021 - 10:09
Researchers have resolved for the first time, how the environment affects the formation of nanoparticles in the Arctic. The results give additional insight into the future of melting sea ice and the Arctic atmosphere. Until recent studies, the molecular processes of particle formation in the high Arctic remained a mystery.

Past river activity in northern Africa reveals multiple Sahara greenings

Fri, 01/29/2021 - 10:09
The analysis of sediment cores from the Mediterranean Sea combined with Earth system models tells the story of major environmental changes in North Africa over the last 160,000 years.

635 million-year-old fungi-like microfossil that bailed us out of an ice age discovered

Thu, 01/28/2021 - 08:11
A team of scientists has discovered the remains of a fungi-like microfossil that emerged at the end of an ice age some 635 million years ago.

Newly discovered fossil, likely subaqueous insect

Wed, 01/27/2021 - 08:32
A newly discovered trace fossil of an ancient burrow has been discovered. The fossil has an important role to play in gauging how salty ancient bodies of water were, putting together a clearer picture of our planet's past.

Increasing ocean temperature threatens Greenland's ice sheet

Mon, 01/25/2021 - 18:18
Scientists have for the first time quantified how warming coastal waters are impacting individual glaciers in Greenland's fjords. Their work can help climate scientists better predict global sea level rise from the increased melting.

Climate change in antiquity: Mass emigration due to water scarcity

Mon, 01/25/2021 - 10:31
The absence of monsoon rains at the source of the Nile was the cause of migrations and the demise of entire settlements in the late Roman province of Egypt. This demographic development has been compared with environmental data for the first time by professor of ancient history, leading to a discovery of climate change and its consequences.

Global ice loss increases at record rate

Mon, 01/25/2021 - 08:43
The rate at which ice is disappearing across the planet is speeding up, according to new research. And the findings also reveal that the Earth lost 28 trillion tons of ice between 1994 and 2017 - equivalent to a sheet of ice 100 meters thick covering the whole of the UK.

Microbes fuelled by wind-blown mineral dust melt the Greenland ice sheet

Mon, 01/25/2021 - 08:43
Scientists have identified a key nutrient source used by algae living on melting ice surfaces linked to rising sea levels. They discovered that phosphorus containing minerals may be driving ever-larger algal blooms on the Greenland Ice Sheet.

Paleoclimate study of precipitation and sea ice in Arctic Alaska

Mon, 01/25/2021 - 08:43
A new study in Arctic Alaska has investigated sea ice dynamics and their impact on circulation and precipitation patterns in Arctic Alaska on a long-term basis.

Climate and carbon cycle trends of the past 50 million years reconciled

Fri, 01/22/2021 - 13:06
Oceanographers fully reconciled climate and carbon cycle trends of the past 50 million years -- solving a controversy debated in the scientific literature for decades.

Geoscientists reconstruct 6.5 million years of sea level stands in the Western Mediterranean

Fri, 01/22/2021 - 07:50
The geological features in caves from Mallorca provide scientific insights for understanding modern-day sea level changes.

Rocks show Mars once felt like Iceland

Thu, 01/21/2021 - 12:19
A comparison of chemical and climate weathering of sedimentary rock in Mars' Gale Crater indicate the region's mean temperature billions of years ago was akin to current conditions on Iceland.

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