Russet buffaloberry is a small deciduous shrub found in open woods and thickets across northern North America. It has thick, leathery, gray-green to russet-green foliage, orange-spotted white bark, and small yellowish flowers. It produces edible, though bitter, bright red berries. Deer, elk and snowshoe hares browse on the shrubs, while black bears and grizzly bears consume the berries. This shrub prefers moist to wet soil, and because it is nitrogen fixing it can survive on nutrient poor soils.
Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. The Mammoths and Mastodont Project Team gratefully acknowledges their support.