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Read science articles on the ice age, glaciation and climatology. Discover the connection between ice ages and global warming.
Updated: 2 hours 20 min ago

Telecommunications cable used to track sea ice extent in the Arctic

Wed, 08/09/2023 - 12:05
A telecommunications fiber optic cable deployed offshore of Oliktok Point, Alaska recorded ambient seismic noise that can be used to finely track the formation and retreat of sea ice in the area, researchers report.

New Antarctic extremes 'virtually certain' as world warms

Tue, 08/08/2023 - 10:09
Extreme events in Antarctica such as ocean heatwaves and ice loss will almost certainly become more common and more severe, researchers say.

Invasion of the Arctic Ocean by Atlantic plankton species reveals a seasonally ice-free ocean during the last interglacial

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 11:37
A subpolar species associated with Atlantic water expanded far into the Arctic Ocean during the Last Interglacial, analysis of microfossil content of sediment cores reveals. This implies that summers in the Arctic were ice free during this period.

Study examines Earth and Mars to determine how climate change affects the paths of rivers

Thu, 08/03/2023 - 20:38
The study investigated why the paths of meandering rivers change over time and is a step toward understanding what the hydroclimate on Mars was like when there was still surface water.

Insolation affected ice age climate dynamics

Mon, 07/31/2023 - 10:07
In past ice ages, the intensity of summer insolation affected the emergence of warm and cold periods and played an important role in triggering abrupt climate changes, a study by climate researchers, geoscientists, and environmental physicists suggests. Using stalagmites in the European Alps, they were able to demonstrate that warm phases appeared primarily when the summer insolation reached maxima in the Northern Hemisphere.

'Time-traveling' pathogens in melting permafrost pose likely risk to environment

Thu, 07/27/2023 - 20:16
Ancient pathogens that escape from melting permafrost have real potential to damage microbial communities and might potentially threaten human health, according to a new study.

New insights into the origin of the Indo-European languages

Thu, 07/27/2023 - 13:39
An international team of linguists and geneticists has achieved a significant breakthrough in our understanding of the origins of Indo-European, a family of languages spoken by nearly half of the world's population.

Arctic terns may navigate climate dangers

Wed, 07/26/2023 - 10:30
Arctic terns -- which fly on the longest migrations of any animal on Earth -- may be able to navigate the dangers posed by climate change, new research suggests.

Gloomy climate calculation: Scientists predict a collapse of the Atlantic ocean current to happen mid-century

Tue, 07/25/2023 - 11:31
Important ocean currents that redistribute heat, cold and precipitation between the tropics and the northernmost parts of the Atlantic region will shut down around the year 2060 if current greenhouse gas emissions persist. This is the conclusion based on new calculations that contradict the latest report from the IPCC.

Greenland melted recently, shows high risk of sea level rise today

Fri, 07/21/2023 - 10:31
A large portion of Greenland was an ice-free tundra landscape -- perhaps covered by trees and roaming woolly mammoths -- in the recent geologic past (about 416,000 years ago), a new study shows. The results help overturn a previous view that much of the Greenland ice sheet persisted for most of the last two and a half million years. Instead, moderate warming, from 424,000 to 374,000 years ago, led to dramatic melting. At that time, the melting of Greenland caused at least five feet of sea level rise, despite atmospheric levels of heat-trapping carbon dioxide being far lower than today (280 vs. 420 ppm). This indicates that the ice sheet on Greenland may be more sensitive to human-caused climate change than previously understood -- and will be vulnerable to irreversible, rapid melting in coming centuries.

New radar technique lets scientists probe invisible ice sheet region on Earth and icy worlds

Wed, 07/12/2023 - 11:46
A new radar technique developed by a graduate student allows imaging of the upper few feet of ice sheets on Earth and icy worlds. The technique uses instruments on airplanes or satellites to survey large regions quickly. The upper few feet of ice sheets are important for measuring melt on Earth or looking for habitable environments on icy worlds. Previous airborne or satellite techniques could not image this narrow region in detail.

Crawford Lake, Canada, chosen as the primary marker to identify the start of the Anthropocene epoch

Tue, 07/11/2023 - 12:32
An international team of researchers has chosen the location which best represents the beginnings of what could be a new geological epoch, the Anthropocene. The Anthropocene Working Group have put forward Crawford Lake, in Canada, as a Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene. A GSSP is an internationally agreed-upon reference point to show the start of a new geological period or epoch in layers of rock that have built up through the ages.

Arctic dust found to be a major source of particles that form ice crystals in Arctic low-level clouds

Fri, 07/07/2023 - 10:16
Scientists in Japan have used a global climate model to show that dust from land without snow cover in the Arctic is a major source of particles that form ice crystals in Arctic low-level clouds. This finding could help improve predictions of Arctic warming, which is suggested to be much faster than in other parts of the world.

Shrinking Arctic glaciers are unearthing a new source of methane

Thu, 07/06/2023 - 11:45
As the Arctic warms, shrinking glaciers are exposing bubbling groundwater springs which could provide an underestimated source of the potent greenhouse gas methane, finds new research.

Tracking ships' icy paths amidst climate change

Wed, 07/05/2023 - 16:11
Understanding when and where ships are entering areas of Arctic sea ice can help better understand the potential impacts of vessel traffic in the region.

New study reveals abrupt shift in tropical Pacific climate during Little Ice Age

Mon, 07/03/2023 - 12:30
An El Niño event has officially begun. The climate phenomenon, which originates in the tropical Pacific and occurs in intervals of a few years will shape weather across the planet for the next year or more and give rise to various climatic extremes. El Niño-like conditions can also occur on longer time scales of decades or centuries. This has been shown to have occurred in the recent past.

Acutely exposed to changing climate, many Greenlanders do not blame humans

Wed, 06/28/2023 - 19:13
A new survey shows that the largely Indigenous population of Greenland is highly aware that the climate is changing, and far more likely than people in other Arctic nations to say they are personally affected. Yet, many do not blame human influences -- especially those living traditional subsistence lifestyles most directly hit by the impacts of rapidly wasting ice and radical changes in weather.

Study of deep-sea corals reveals ocean currents have not fuelled rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide

Mon, 06/26/2023 - 15:42
Pioneering analysis of deep-sea corals has overturned the idea that ocean currents contributed to increasing global levels of carbon dioxide in the air over the past 11,000 years.

Effect of volcanic eruptions significantly underestimated in climate projections

Fri, 06/23/2023 - 09:54
Researchers have found that the cooling effect that volcanic eruptions have on Earth's surface temperature is likely underestimated by a factor of two, and potentially as much as a factor of four, in standard climate projections.

Antarctic ice shelves experienced only minor changes in surface melt since 1980

Wed, 06/21/2023 - 15:46
A team of glaciologists set out to quantify how much ice melt occurred on Antarctica's ice shelves from 1980 to 2021. The results might seem to be good news for the region, but the researchers say there's no cause for celebration just yet.